By Nora C. England
This is often the 1st full-length reference grammar of Mam, a Mayan language spoken this day via over 400,000 humans within the western highlands of Guatemala and the nation of Chiapas, Mexico. the results of over 3 years of intensive fieldwork in Guatemala, A Grammar of Mam, a Mayan Language is predicated at the dialect of Mam spoken by way of 12,000 humans in San Ildefonso Ixtahuacan within the division of Huehuetenango, Guatemala. England organizes A Grammar of Mam based on complementary rules: to investigate Mam following primarily conventional degrees of grammatical description and to offer fabric in one of these method that the history details helpful for knowing every one subject of dialogue shall were formerly supplied. as a result, England's research of the sound process and morphophonemic strategies of Mam is via an outline of the features of root, inflectional, and derivational morphology. Chapters on word constitution precede chapters on sentence-level syntax. A Grammar of Mam is of specific curiosity in studying a Mayan language that's either syntactically and morphologically ergative and that's cutting edge towards strengthening the ergative procedure. certainly in any respect degrees of linguistic association Mam is leading edge, and hence it really is uniquely attention-grabbing either traditionally and theoretically.
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Extra resources for A Grammar of Mam, a Mayan Language (Texas linguistics series)
6 #74), which forms measure words. roots. The The vowel L They can be loosely classified as "causatives;" som 48 MORPHOPHONEMICS MORPHOPHONEMICS Table 1. Vowel Disharmonic Suffixes Preceding Vowel: (# of examples) i e described by the root, and some form a verb which indicates that the quality described by the root arises through the a o u 1 7 7 15, 17, 18, 19, and 20. 1 -EY, Suffixes: 1 -puu 8 10 7 -q'H 4 1 2 -chii 3 1 -tz'uu 2 -tzii 1 1 1 1 1 -lii 1 -b'ee Stress Effects. change that vowel to syllable in the stem.
If the root has a short vowel, the glottal stop fol lows the stem formative vowel, which is short. - 3. ' b'iyo7kj- 'go and Mam, and their special characteristics. spond to root classes with the exception that positionals are a root class only. The glottal stop of -7 ••• al 'specific termination', how ever, always moves toward the stem vowel, no matter what con sonant intervenes: The necessary inflection for forming word! from bound roots is also described, but derivational stem forming processes are discussed in the next chapter.
I while in the possessed form it drops the normally. or expected to be, possessed by humans. 'my fruit' Exceptions to the semantic categories: Not all body parts, relatives, foods, and clothing are in the class, and the semantic distinction between the two suffixes is not perfect. tx07w-b'aj 'blanket' xmuuj-b'aj 'shawl' ky'itz-b'aj 'belt' iim-j The food terms which belong to this category are terms 'breast' One word, paasb'il, falls into this class although the suffix which describe a general class of food, and each one is in the absolute form is not matched by a special verb by which the class of food is eaten.