By Professor (Chair) Randy J Lapolla, Chenglong Huang

Qiang is a Tibeto-Burman language of southwest China, spoken via approximately 70,000 Qiang and Tibetan humans in northern Sichuan Province. This e-book, the 1st book-length description of the Qiang language in English, contains not just the reference grammar, but in addition an ethnological evaluate, numerous absolutely analyzed texts (mostly conventional tales) and an annotated thesaurus. The language is verb ultimate, and agglutinative (prefixing and suffixing), with a really advanced phonological approach and either head-marking and established marking morphology. it is going to be of use to typologists, comparativists, Sino-Tibetanists, anthropologists, and linguists ordinarily.

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Extra info for A Grammar of Qiang: With Annotated Texts and Glossary

Sample text

H. i. j. Ù˙fip m˙ziq-p˙ ji-såq qhåq ˚t˚åq-lu ®uaq ÆHan personfl Ætalk in sleepfl Æfingerfl [hand-section] Æbitterfl Æthink of, wantfl Ælightfl < Ù˙fi < m˙zi < så < qhå < ˚t˚i < ®ue ÆHan personfl Æsleepfl Æsection, jointfl Æbitterfl Æheartfl Æbrightfl There may even be related sets that have the same root but differ in terms of the finals, such as /liaq/ Æpenisfl and /lie®/ Æsperm, semenfl, though I do not have enough evidence to be sure of this sort of connection. Some nouns, particularly the names of some birds, are iconic with the sound the bird makes: /gug‘u/ Æpigeonfl, /kuput/ Æcuckoo birdfl, /˚t˚i˚t˚åq/ Æmagpiefl.

As there was no written language until recently, story telling was the only way that this knowledge was passed on. Very few such shamans are left, and little story telling is done now that many villages have access to TVs and VCD players. 7. Mobility Because the Qiang villages are generally high up on the mountains, and there often is no road to the village, only a steep narrow path (this is the case, for example, in Ronghong village [see Plate 2], where the nearest road is hours away), travel has traditionally been by foot, though horses are sometimes used as pack animals where the path or road allows it.

Huang (1998:64) counted 836 basic words, and found 444 were monosyllabic and 392 were bisyllabic or polysyllabic. 4 below, and Huang 1998). 19 There is no sense of ‘word’ in the Qiang language (what we would call the sociological word), only /så/ 'sentence'. Other than the word, we recognize the noun phrase, the verb complex, the clause, and the complex sentence as levels of grammatical structure. 4. Phonological processes In this section we will discuss the weakening of initial consonants, stress, vowel harmony and epenthesis.

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