By Susann Wagenknecht
This ebook investigates how collaborative clinical perform yields medical wisdom. At a time while so much of today’s medical wisdom is created in study teams, the writer reconsiders the social personality of technological know-how to deal with the query of even if collaboratively created wisdom may be regarded as collective fulfillment, and if this is the case, within which feel. Combining philosophical research with qualitative empirical inquiry, this booklet offers a comparative case examine of mono- and interdisciplinary study teams, delivering perception into the daily perform of scientists. The booklet contains box observations and interviews with scientists to give an empirically-grounded viewpoint on much-debated questions relating study teams’ department of work, kinfolk of epistemic dependence and trust.
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Extra info for A Social Epistemology of Research Groups
My approach can be described as “theory-generating expert interviewing” (Bogner & Menz, 2009, p. ). Nevertheless, I do not perceive of my interviewing as the kind of expert interviewing that is geared towards particularly informed, exclusive or elite perspectives on scientific practice (as, for example, suggested by Zuckerman, 1972). Instead, I approached every interviewee as being “expert” in his or her individual daily professional practice, notwithstanding age or reputation. I employed a semi-structured question format for the interviews (Fontana & Frey, 2000, p.
167). The sharing of resources helps increase both the efficiency of scientific labor and the credibility of research outcome. Increasing efficiency may “simply be a matter of needing more hands doing the same kind of work, or it may involve bringing together specialists who provide different types of expertise” (Maienschein, 1993, p. 167). To bundle specialist expertise through collaboration can have a positive impact on the credibility of a scientific knowledge claim: “collaborations among different individuals may produce greater credibility because each brings to the project his or her own credentials and acceptability in a different research community” (Maienschein, 1993, p.
Burian agrees with Pitt that approaches which work from first, 38 3 Method philosophical principles and then draw on historical data for deductive inference or mere illustration are not helpful. Therefore, he advises the historian-philosopher to work his or her way up from the study of particular scientific practices to context-dependent, “limited generalizations” (Burian, 2001, p. 399). Such inductive case studies, Burian argues, can yield well-established claims of “regional” scope which are fallible but valid (Burian, 2001, p.