Category Archives: Medieval Thought

Early Oxford Lecture on Individuation

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For Anselm, accounts of meaning could and did call for the use of, or have as consequences, technical assertions that were either nonsense from the point of view of ordinary usage, or at least involved radical departures therefrom—and his successors were similarly venturesome. Even in primitive times, the human race as a whole did not form one community, except perhaps briefly; soon after creation mankind divided into particular communities.
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The Philosophy of Aquinas

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Thus things will kindle lights for things.... Branca, Paolo, « Pouvoir de iure et pouvoir de facto dans la pensée politique islamique classique, » in Authority, Privacy, pp. 17-28. He begins to prove that God exists by proving that there is something higher than reason. we must first start with a foundation that is accepted as truth. a pure spirit. He discovers, however, that there is today no one Jewish community, but many fragmented communities, none offering the cultural wealth he needs.
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The Legitimacy of the Middle Ages: On the Unwritten History

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Since the form, or entelechy is always striving for its own realization or actualization, the view of nature which this doctrine leads to is teleological. How did the Renaissance revolutionized European art and thought? before the renaissance art and daily life revolved around religion. when the rennaissance came about religion was less focused on and life as a human, men just as they are bec…ame most important. life became more natural and the idea that man don't have to be saints to be good people arose. the renaissance was a time of expression.
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Erasmi Opera Omnia : Volume V-2 (Opera Omnia Desiderii

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Explain the creation myth--compare with that in The Republic, and Genesis. And covenants, without the sword, are but words and of no strength to secure a man at all. [ibid, 17.2] ����������� Hobbes�s social contract theory is an even bolder secularization of natural law theory than what Grotius offered. Hosseini, Seyed Hassan, “Ibn Sînâ and Sadrâ on the Siddîqîn Argument for the Existence of God,” in Views on the Philosophy of Ibn Sînâ and Mullâ Sadrâ Shîrâzî, pp. 105-17.
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Aquinas on Human Action: A Theory of Practice

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Natural law is the same for all persons, times, and places; conventional law is ordered by a wise man in accord with reason; divine law is given by God through a prophet. As a corollary to his giving precedence to Jewish peoplehood over Israeli nationhood, he sees Israel and the Diaspora as "two partners," and he pleads for the building of bridges between them. It counts toward the twelve course requirement but does not satisfy the field II distribution requirement. At the same time it leaves the soul so independent intrinsically that the latter is truly said to be immaterial.
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The Nicomachean Ethics Of Aristotle (1861)

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All back issues of the journal are also accessible here in digital format. Aquinas approaches the issue by noting three ways that our words might, at least in theory, apply to God. So too with logical truths: I have learned through dialectic [logic] that many other things are true. This combination of polemics and engaging philosophical reflection is one of the distinguishing features of Wylton's text and makes his work of significance to historians, philosophers, and theologians. (shrink) Marilyn McCord Adams (2001).
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The Thomist Tradition

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The other great rationalist systems of the 17th cent., especially those of Baruch Spinoza and G. She also works in the philosophy of religion and in epistemology. Some things exist and their existence is caused. 2. Avicenna inquired into the question of being (metaphysics), in which he distinguished between essence and existence. An instance of reasoning is called an argument or an inference. Man is the calumniation of God’s creation. He says man has soul using a mortal and earthly body as one unitary entity.
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Abelard and Heloise (Great Medieval Thinkers)

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Marxism inspired the Marxist school of communism, which brought a huge impact on the history of the 20th century. Years later, he reversed a number of the positions he set out in the Tractatus, in for example his second major work, Philosophical Investigations (1953). Scholem's Zionism is revolutionary in its vision of a new kind of holy community in Zion, while it is conservative in that the religious ethics of that community will at root be those of traditional Judaism.
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The Philosophy of Peter Abelard

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Peter Abaelard: an amazingly comprehensive and beautiful website, by W. He works primarily in metaphysics and the philosophy of science, with additional research interests in epistemology and ethics. Additional information: the initial lecture hour will be shared with students taking 6AANB023 Medieval Philosophy, but they will otherwise be subject to different requirements. His view that reason takes precedence over religion led to his exile in 1195.
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The Plaint of Nature (Mediaeval Sources in Translation)

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The Renaissance is characterized as rebirth of classical knowledge. b. Welcome to the Philosophy website at Hertford College, Oxford, which provides teaching-related resources and information for our students. Doctrines may be preserved while their fundamental concepts are altered by reinterpretations. 3. Galileo Galilei (1564-1642 CE) was an Italian physicist, mathematician, astronomer, and philosopher who played a major role in the Scientific Revolution.
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