Category Archives: Medieval Thought

Nicolaus of Autrecourt: A Study in Fourteenth Century

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Saussure conceived of the sign as being delimited by all the other signs in the system, and ideas as being incapable of existence prior to linguistic structure, which articulates thought. Question 4: It reappeared in a different form in the ________ era. Lorenzo Valla attempted to set forth the doctrines of Epicurus in favorable light in his work, (Pleasure and the True Good). c. When we say that God is prior to the world, we simply mean, according to him, that God existed while the world was not, and continued to exist together with the world.
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Averroes on Plato's "Republic"

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The Danish philosopher Kierkegaard and German philosopher Nietzsche helped developed existentialism, a 20th-century philosophical school of thought, which in turn deeply influenced such important modern day theologians as the Neihburs and Harvey Cox, who in turn have deeply affected the way a large number of Christian ministers and priests preach and carry on their ministering. For there is no other name under heaven given to man, whereby he must be saved." a. He is One. the prime principle and final end of each thing. especially on the eternity of the world. because it offended strongly against his belief in the contingency of God’s act of will in creating the world out of absolutely nothing. the philosophers assumed things about causation which there is no need to assume.
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Discovering The Mass

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In another work of literature set in the medieval times titled, "La Belle Dame sans Merci,aE by John Ke... This was a significant departure from the Neoplatonic and Augustinian thinking that had dominated much of early Scholasticism. His �sthetic doctrines can, to some extent, be extracted from his theology, although his remarks about beauty are brief. He also held that the soul is divided into two parts, one individual and one divine; while the individual soul is not eternal, all humans at the basic level share one and the same divine soul.
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Divine Omniscience and Omnipotence in Medieval Philosophy:

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These natural pleasures, indeed, are really without price; both because the are below all price in their attainment, and above it in their enjoyment. (David Hume, 1737) It is evident, that one considerable source of beauty in all animals is the advantage which they reap from the particular manner of life, to which they are by nature destined. (David Hume, 1737) Euclid has fully explained all the qualities of the circle; but has not in any proposition said a word of its beauty.
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Ars Brevis: Traduit Pour La Premiere Fois Du Latin En

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Though Cicero played an important role in Roman political life, his greatest impact on Rome was in his philosophical writings. Some influential figures in contemporary analytic philosophy are: Timothy Williamson, David Lewis, John Searle, Thomas Nagel, Hilary Putnam, Michael Dummett, Peter van Inwagen and Saul Kripke. Absence, jihâd et spiritualité, entre la montagne et la cité. Bibliography for Philosophy as Part of the Humanities (unf.--add nonwest., feminist, et al.) The Age of Philosophy Series.
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An Outline of Philosophy with Notes Historical and Critical

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The medieval versions of Greek philosophical texts were often different from the originals, because of: absence of certain works (e.g., Aristotle's Politics, which had to be "filled in" by Plato's Republic). Various brief treatises are extant but unedited, except for a Middle High German B�chlein von der Seele (ed. Stephen Hawking says, "Galileo, perhaps more than any other single person, was responsible for the birth of modern science.” He aided the separation of science from both philosophy and religion - a major development in human thought.
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Richard Brinkley's Theory of Sentential Reference (Studien

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Plato: Idealism and DualismIntroductionAs soon as you hear the word philosophy, three names come to mind. ... Continental philosophy is a label for various schools, predominant in continental Europe, but also at home in many English-speaking Humanities departments, that may examine language, metaphysical approaches, political theory, perspectivalism, or various aspects of the arts and culture. One answer – and, Kallendorf believes, the most important one – is that potential possession by a demon both threatened and enhanced the integrated notion of selfhood which scholars from Jacob Burckhardt to Stephen Greenblatt have pointed to as a hallmark of the Renaissance.) This early modern attention to the self and the individual identity has been contrasted broadly with the medieval insistence on anonymity: the emphasis in medieval manuscripts copied by anony­mous scribes was on what was being said, not on who was saying it.
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Descartes's Dreams: Imagination in the Meditations (Studies

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Judaism consists of three parts: religious truths about God, His rule, and His providence, addressed to man's reason (but these are not presented as compelled beliefs); historical truths disclosing the purposes of the Jew's existence; and laws, precepts, commandments, and rules of conduct, the observance of which will bring happiness to individual Jews as well as to the Jewish community as a whole. They need a moderate rule, one they can bear without being impossible for them to grasp." (Duties of the Heart, ed.
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The ABC-Clio World History Companion to Utopian Movements

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The term means "sage," but it was applied specifically to teachers of wisdom who charged for their lessons. Part of the proof was simply that the Aristotelian philosophers themselves could not agree so they therefore failed at their pursuit. The Qur’an states explicitly (e.g., 34:3) that nothing escapes God’s knowledge, not even “the smallest particle in heaven or on earth.” Philosophers who admit, like Ibn Sina, that God knows things other than Himself, have argued nevertheless that the mode of His knowledge is “universal.” It is not subject, like “particular” knowledge, to the limitations of time or place.
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A History of the Inquisition of the Middle Ages, Vol. 3

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In the Muslim and Jewish world, interest centred on the nature of the soul and the possibility of meaningful contact with the Almighty. Jordan earned his doctoral degree in philosophy from Baylor University in 2008, completing a dissertation entitled Iris Murdoch's Genealogy of the Modern Self. This, Williams argued, requires that people abandon their personal projects, and hence their personal integrity, in order to be considered moral. Another possible metaphor is "sections of Philosophy", because a pie may be divided into sections ("parts") by slicing it from top to bottom without its ceasing thereby to be a whole.
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